Colin Hemer

Colin J. Hemer was one of the preeminent scholars on the Seven Churches, and many of his articles on the biblical sites in Turkey can be found in such references works as the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised Edition, and the New Bible Dictionary. Hemer's premature death in 1987 was a lost for both New Testament and Anatolian scholarship. I. Howard Marshall paid tribute to his scholarly contributions in the "Foreward" of Hemer's posthumous The Book of Acts in the Setting of Hellenistic History (Tübingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 1989). In 1986 Hemer published his important work, The Letters to the Seven Churches in the Local Setting (Sheffield: JSOT Press; revised edition Eerdmans, 2000). This volume was a rewrite of his PhD thesis done under F. F. Bruce at the University of Manchester in 1969. In this volume Hemer refers to a supplemental bibliography that he placed in the library at Tyndale House, Cambridge. The former librarian, Dr. David Instone Brewer, graciously supplied Hemer's handwritten manuscript. This helpful bibliography is presented with the permission of Tyndale House, which is the executor for Hemer's estate.


Supplemental Bibliography on The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia in their Local Setting 

By Colin J. Hemer


Section I: Works relating to the Text of the Revelation and the Seven Letters

Andrews, H. T. ‘Revelation.’ Peake’s Commentary on the Bible (London, 1919), pp. 926–43.

Bartlet, J. V. ‘Review of Ramsey’s Seven Churches’, ExpT xvi (1904–5).

Beardslee, W. A. ‘Book of Revelation’, EBr xix, 245–6.

Beasley–Murray, G. R. ‘The Revelation’, The New Bible Commentary, ed. F. Davidson (London, 2nd edn, 1954).

Boismard, M.E. L’Apocalypse (Paris, 3rd ed., 1959).

Bousset, W. ‘The Apocalypse’, EB I, 194–212.

Bowman, J. W. ‘Book of Revelation’, The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, iv. 58–71.

Driver, G. R. ‘Review of The Apocalypse of John’, by C.C. Torrey, JTS New Ser. xi (1960), 383–9.

Loisy, A. L’Apocalypse de Jean (Paris, 1923).

Milligan, W. The Book of Revelation (London, 3rd ed., 1893).

Niles, D. T. As Seeing the Invisible (London, 1962).

Oman, J. The Book of Revelation (Cambridge, 1923).

Plummer, A. Revelation. Exposition in The Pulpit Commentary, ed. H.D.M. Spence and J.S. Exell (London, 1898).

Porter, F. C. ‘Book of Revelation’, HDB iv. 239–66.

Ramsay, Sir W. M. Note on ‘The Seven Churches of Asia’ by J. Chapman, Expos 6th ser. ix (1904, 263–5).

Schurer, E. ‘Die Prophetin Isabel in Thyatira. Offenb. Joh. 2, 20’, Summary in TLZ xviii (1893), 153–4.

Scott, C. A. ‘Dr. Swete’s Edition of the Apocalypse’, Expos 7th ser. iii (1907), 38–52.

Tristram, H. B. The Seven Golden Candlesticks (London, 19th ed., n.d.).

Section II: Works relating to the topography and archaeology of the cities of Asia

Bird, S. W. H. And Unto Smyrna (London, n.d.).

Blakesley, J. W. Articles in A Dictionary of the Bible, ed. Sir W. Smith, on ‘Pergamos’, ii. 789–91; ‘Philadelphia’, ii. 830–1; ‘Sardis’, iii. 1140–2; ‘Smyrna’, iii. 1334–6; ‘Thyatira’, iii. 1494–5.

Brandis, C. G. ‘Die römische Provinz Asia’, PR II, ii. 1538–62.

Bürchner, L. ‘Ephesos’, PW V ii. 2773–2822.

_____. ‘Sardeis’, PW II Reihe ii. 2475–8.

_____. ‘Smyrna’, PW II Reihe v. 728–64.

Calder, Sir W. M. ‘Philadelphia and Montanism’, BJRL vii (1923), 309–5.

Conybeare, F. C. “Patmos’, HDB iii. 693–4.

Cook, J. M. ‘Smyrna’, EBr xx. 706–7.

Filson, F. V. Articles in The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible on ‘Patmos’, iii. 677; ‘Smyrna’, iv. 392–4; ‘Thyatira’, iv. 638–9.

Finegan, J. ‘Ephesus’, The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible ii. 114–8.

Hanfmann, G. M. A. ‘Sardis’, EBr xix. 1069.

_____. ‘Sardis’. Information about excavations. AS xiii (1963), 24–6; xvi (1966), 41–2; xvii (1967), 28–9.

_____. Guide to Sardis: Sart Kilavuzu (Ankara, 1964).

_____. ‘The Eighth Campaign at Sardis’, BASOR No. 182 (1966), 2–54.

_____. ‘The Ninth Campaign at Sardis’, BASOR No. 186 (1967), 17–52 and No. 187 (1967), 9–62.

_____ and Detweiler, A. H. ‘Sardis’. Information about excavations. AS ix (1959), 26–8; x (1960), 23–4; xi (1961), 21–3; xii (1962), 25–6.

Howson, J. S. Articles in A Dictionary of the Bible, ed. Sir W. Smith, on ‘Colosse’, I. 340–1; ‘Ephesus’, I. 562–5; ‘Hierapolis’, I. 802; ‘Laodicea’, ii. 62–3; ‘Patmos’, ii. 728–9.

Keil, J. ‘Philadelphia’, PW XIX, ii. 2091–3.

_____. ‘Thyatira’, PW II, Reihe xi. 657–9.

Mellink, M. J. ‘Archaeology in Asia Minor’, AJA lxxi (1967), 155–75 and lxiii (1968), 125–47.

_____. Articles in The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible on ‘Colossae’, I. 658; ‘Hierapolis’, ii. 601; ‘Laodicea’, iii. 70–1; ‘Pergamum’, iii. 733–5; ‘Philadelphia’, iii. 781–2; ‘Sardis’, iv. 220–2.

Miltner, F. ‘Ephesus’. Information about excavations. AS viii (1958), 27–8 and ix (1959), 22–4.

Plummer, W. H. ‘Ephesus’, EBr vi, 633–5.

Ramsay, Sir W. M. Articles in HDB on ‘Colossae’, I. 454; ‘Ephesus’, I. 720–5; “Hierapolis’, ii. 379–80; ‘Laodicea’, iii. 44–5; ‘Pergamus’, iii. 749–52; “Philadelphia’, iii. 830–2; ‘Sardis’, iv. 404–5; ‘Smyrna’, iv. 553–6; “Thyatira’, iv. 757–9.

_____. ‘The Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia’, JHS iv (1883), 370–436 and viii (1887), 461–519.

_____. Letter to S. Reinach on sites of Cydrara and Callatabi, in S. Reinach, ‘Chronique d’orient’, RA 3rd ser., xix (1892), 126.

Reinach, S. Opinion cited in report contained in RA 3rd ser., xiv (1889), 158.

Ruge, W. ‘Laodikeia am Lykos’, PW XII, I. 722–4.

Schmidt, J. ‘Patmos’, PW XVIII, iv. 2174–91.

Souter, A. ‘Smyrna’, HDB (one vol. ed.), pp. 866–7.

Tuncdilek, N. Articles in EBr on ‘Akhisar’, I. 478; “Alasehir’, I. 494; ‘Denizli’, vii. 237; “Izmir’, xii. 822.

Weber, G. ‘Der unterirdische Lauf des Lykos bei Kolossai’, Ath. Mitt. xvi (1891), 194–9.

Woodhouse, W. J. Articles in EB on ‘Colosse’, I. 858–60; ‘Ephesus’, ii. 1302–6; ‘Hierapolis’, ii. 2063–4; ‘Laodicea’, iii. 2708–9; ‘Patmos’, iii. 3603–4; ‘Pergamos’, iii. 3656–9; ‘Philadelphia’, iii. 3692–3; ‘Sardis’, iv. 4285–7; ‘Smyrna’, iv. 4660–2; ‘Thyatira’, iv. 5064–6.

Zschietzschmann, W. ‘Pergamon’, PW XIX, I. 1235–63.

Section III: Other Ancient Sources (Inscriptions, Coins, Papyri, Ostraca) & modern works in which important original materials are published

Bailie, J. K. Fasciculus Inscriptionum Graecarum, quas apud Sedes Apocalypticas Chartis Mandat et nunc denuo Instauratas, Praefationibus et Notis Instructas edidit Jacobus Kennedy Bailie (London, 1842).

British Museum. Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Crete and the Aegean Islands. W. Wroth (London, 1886).

_____. Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Lycaonia, Isauria and Cilicia. G. F. Hill (London, 1900).

_____. Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Lycia, Pamphylia and Pisidia. G. F. Hill (London, 1897).

_____. Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Troas, Aeolis and Lesbos. W. Wroth (London, 1894).

_____. Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum. 4 parts (Paris, 1881–).

Cousin, G. ‘Inscriptions du Sanctuaire de Zeus Panamaros’, BCH xxviii (1904), 20–53.

Edhem, Bey. “Fouilles de Tralles’, BCH xxviii (1904), 54–59.

Flinders Petrie Papyri, The, with Transcriptions, Commentaries and Index, ed. J.P. Mahaffy. 3 vols. (Dublin, 1891–).

Humann, C. and others. Altertümer von Hierapolis. JDAI Erganzungsheft IV. Inscriptions, ed. W. Judeich (Berlin, 1898).

Leake, W. M. Numismata Hellenica. A Catalogue of Greek Coins (London, 1856).

Section IV: Other Modern Books and Articles

Abrahams, I. ‘Jannes and Jambres’, EB ii. 2328.

Alexander, L. The Kings of Lydia and a Rearrangement of some Fragments from Nicolaus of Damascus (Princeton, 1913).

Bartlet, J. V. ‘The Historical Setting of the Second and Third Epistles of St. John’ JTS vi (1905), 204–16.

Bent, J. T. ‘An Archaeological Visit to Samos’ JHS vii (1886), 143–7.

Boulanger, A. Aelius Aristide et la sophistique dans la province d’Asie en Iie siècle de notre ère. Bibliothèque des écoles francaises d’Athèns et de Rome, Vol. cxxvi (Paris, 1963).

Cary, M. The Geographic Background of Greek and Roman History (Oxford, 1949).

Cook, J. M. ‘Old Smyrna: Ionic Black Figure and Other Sixth Century Figured Wares’, ABSA lx (1965), 114–53.

Dawkins, R. M. ‘The Gypto–Christians of Turkey’, Byzantion viii (1933), 247–75).

Eddy, S. K. The King is Dead. Studies in the Near Eastern Resistance to Hellenism 334–318 B.C. (Lincoln, Nebraska, 1961).

Edelstein, L. ‘Ophthalmology’, OCD, pp. 622–3.

Findlay, G. G. Fellowship in the Life Eternal (London, 1909).

Foerster, W. ‘αστηρ’, TDNT I. 503–5.

Garstang, J. and Gurney, O. R. The Geography of the Hittite Empire (London, 1959).

Goguel, M. ‘Les Nicolaïtes’, Revue de l’histoire des religions, cxv (1937), 5–36.

Grundmann, W. and others. ‘αγγελος’, TDNT I. 74–87.

Hanfmann, G. M. A. ‘Lydiaka’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology lxiii (1958), 65–88.

Hasluck, F. W. ‘The Rise of Modern Smyrna’, ABSA xxiii (1918–9), 139–47.

Head, B. V. Historia Numorum. A Manual of Greek Numismatics. New ed. (Oxford, 1911).

Hommel, F. ‘Assyria’, HDB I. 176–90.

Jeremias, J. ‘παραδεισος’, TDNT v. 765–73.

Johns, C. H. W. ‘Lud’, ‘Ludim’, HDB iii. 160–1.

Jones, A. H. M. Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces (Oxford, 1937).

Kennedy, C. R. and Hager, H. ‘Psephus’, DGRA ii 516–18.

Kenyon, F. G. ‘Books Greek and Latin’, OCD, pp. 141–3.

Mattingly, H. ‘Tessera’, OCD, p. 887.

Meyer, R. ‘μαννα’, TDNT iv. 462–6.

Michaelis, W. ‘λευκος’, TDNT iv. 241–50.

_____. ‘σμυρνα’, TWNT vii. 457.

Patrick, J. ‘Stone’, HDB iii. 617–9.

Poole, E. S. ‘Hospitality’, Smith’s D.B. I. 833–5.

Ramsay, Sir W. M. ‘The Porters of Smyrna’, AJA, I (1885), 140–2.

_____. Impressions of Turkey During Twelve Years’ Wanderings (London, 1897).

_____. ‘A Lost Chapter of Early Christian History’, Expos, 6th ser. vi (1902), 278–95.

_____. ‘The Early Christian Symbol of the Open Book’, Expos, 6th ser. xi (1905), 294–306.

_____. ‘The War of Moslem and Christian for the Possession of Asia Minor’, Studies in the History and Art of the Eastern Provinces of the Roman Empire (Aberdeen, 1906), pp. 281–301.

_____. The Cities of St. Paul. Their Influence on his Life and Thought (London, 1907).

_____. The Intermixture of Races in Asia Minor. Some of its Causes and Effects (London, 1916).

_____. ‘Phrygian Orthodox and Heretics 400–800 A.D.’, Byzantion vi (1931), 1–35.

Regling, K. ‘Spectator’, PW II, Reihe vi. 1568–9.

Rose, H.J. ‘Niobe’, OCD, p. 609.

Salmon, G. ‘Montanus’, Murray’s Dictionary of Christian Biography, pp. 738–42.

Sanday, W. ‘The Apostolic Decree (Acts 15:20–29)’, Theologische Studies für Theodor Zahn (Leipzig, 1908), pp. 317–38.

Sayce, A.H. Articles in HDB on ‘Gog’, ii. 224, and ‘Magog’, iii. 212.

Schneider, J. ‘ξυλον, TDNT v. 37–41.

Tarn, W. W. ‘The Political Standing of Delos’, JHS xliv (1924), 141–57.

Walton, F. R. Articles in OCD on ‘Agdistis’, p. 21; ‘Anatolian Deities’, p. 48; ‘Atargatis’, p. 112; ‘Attis’, pp. 119f; ‘Cybele’, pp. 246f.

Wayte, W. and Yates, J. ‘Tessera’, DGRA ii. 799.

Weissbach. ‘Kroisos’, PW Suppl. v. 455–72.

Wellmann, M. ‘Alexander’ (No. 99), PW I, ii. 1459.

_____. ‘Augenarzte’, PW II, ii. 2310–11.

_____. ‘Demosthenes’ (No. 11), PW V, I. 189–90.


List of Principal Abbreviations used in this Bibliography

ABSA Annual of the British School at Athens.

AJA American Journal of Archaeology.

AJSL American Journal of Semitic Languages.

AJT American Journal of Theology.

AS Anatolian Studies.

Ath Mitt. Mitteilungen des deutschen archaologischen Instituts Athenische Abteilung.

BA The Biblical Archaeologist.

BASOR Bulletin of the American School of Oriental Research.

BCH Bulletin de Correspondence Hellénique.

BJRL Bulletin of John Rylands Library.

CR Classical Review.

CSHB Corpus Scriptorum Historial Byzantimae.

DGRA Sir W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (London, 3rd ed., 1890).

EB Encyclopedia Biblica.

EBr Encyclopedia Britannica.

Expos. The Expositor.

ExpT The Expository Times.

HDB A Dictionary of the Bible, ed. J. Hastings (Edinburgh, 1898–).

ICC International Critical Commentary.

Jahresh. Jahreshefte des östesseichischen archäologischen Instituts in Wien.

JBL Journal of Biblical Literature.

JDAI Jahnbuch des deutschen ärchaologischen Instituts.

JHS Journal of Hellenic Studies.

JRS Journal of Roman Studies.

JTS Journal of Theological Studies.

LCL Loeb Classical Library.

OCD Oxford Classical Dictionary.

OCT Oxford Classical Texts.

PEQ Palestine Exploration Quarterly.

PG Patrologia Graeca, ed. J.P. Migne. 161 vols. (Paris, 1857–).

PW Pauly–Wissowa–Kroll, Realencuclopädie des classischen Altertumswissenschaft.

RA Revue Archéologique.

TDNT Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, ed. G. Kittel, trans. G.W. Bromiley (Grand Rapids, 1964–).

TL2 Theologische Literaturzeitung.

TWNT Theologisches Wörtenbuch zum Neuen Testament, ed. G. Kittel.

ZNTW Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft.